Bookg this slot 10

Glyn Edwards Foundatoin The Genuine Jesus - A Channelled Autobiography Holistic Accredited Training Providers Lisa Halliday Clairvoyant, Healer Psychic Workshops Elizabeth Francis - Psychic Medium Is your home blocking you? Spiritual Energetics
Divine Inspiration Events & Holistic Workshops Online Launch
Date: 01-May-2018 3:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: Worldwide Live Online,, BS34 6QA, United Kingdom
Consciousness & Human Evolution 3 Day Conference London
Date: 19-Oct-2018 5:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Millennium Gloucester Hotel London Kensington, 4-18 Harrington Gardens, London SW7 4LH, UK, SW7 4LJ, United Kingdom
I Ching & Tarot for Self-Development
Date: 21-Oct-2018 1:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: 51 Collingwood Avenue, Muswell Hill. London, N10 3EE, United Kingdom
An Evening of Mediumship with Sue Hind
Date: 23-Oct-2018 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Quorn Country Hotel, Charnwood House, 66 Leicester Road, Quorn, Mountsorrel, , LE12 8BB, United Kingdom
Nantwich Civic Hall Mind Body Spirit Event 27th /28th October 2018
Date: 27-Oct-2018 1:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Nantwich Civic HallBeam StreetCheshire Next To Bus TerminusNear Train Station, CW5 5DG, United Kingdom
Date: 27-Oct-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Priory Farm Nursery Sandy Lane South Nutfield Redhill, RH1 4EJ, United Kingdom
Dartington Hall Holistic & Wellbeing Weekend
Date: 27-Oct-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Great Barn at Dartington Hall, Totnes, Devon, TQ9 6EL, TQ9 6EL, United Kingdom
Date: 27-Oct-2018 5:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Wimbledon Park Hall, 170 Arthur Rd, London SW19 8AQ, UK, SW19 8AQ, United Kingdom
In Good Spirit Psychic and Holistic Fair
Date: 28-Oct-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Wemms Education Centre W Block Therfield School Dilston Road Letherhead Surrey , KT22 7NZ, United Kingdom
Nantwich Civic Hall Mind Body Spirit Event 27th /28th October 2018
Date: 28-Oct-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Nantwich Civic Hall Beam Street Cheshire Next To Bus Terminus Near Train Station , CW5 5DG, United Kingdom
Mystical Orb Halloween Fayre
Date: 28-Oct-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: 1st Wormley Scout and Guide Group Cozens Lane West Broxbourne Hertfordshire , EN10 6QL, United Kingdom
Dorking Mind, Body & Soul Show - 28th October 2018
Date: 28-Oct-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Denbies Wine Estate, London Road, Dorking, UK, RH5 6AA, United Kingdom
Evening Event with the Tree of Life, Birmingham UK Grace, Fortitude and Transformation
Date: 01-Nov-2018 7:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Birmingham & Midland Institute, 9 Margaret Street, Birmingham , B3 3BS, United Kingdom
Mas Sajady at the Mind Body Spirit Festival, Birmingham UK
Date: 02-Nov-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: National Exhibition Centre (NEC), Hall 11 North Avenue Marston Green Birmingham B40 1NT , B40 1NT, United Kingdom
Star Beings, UFOs, ETs & Light Ships Workshop
Date: 03-Nov-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Violet Hill Studios 6 Violet Hill, London, NW8 9EB, United Kingdom
Beginner's Workshop - Psychic & Mediumship
Date: 03-Nov-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Dragonfly Hotel, Beverage Way, Hardwick Narrows, Kings Lynn, Norfolk, PE30 4NB, United Kingdom
Discover Soul-Led Living
Date: 03-Nov-2018 2:15 PM

Visit Site
Address: Radisson Blu Edwardian Grafton Hotel, 130 Tottenham Court Road, London, W1T 5AY, W1T 5AY, United Kingdom
Halloween Paranormal Investigation
Date: 03-Nov-2018 10:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Chiltern Open Air Museum Newland Park, Gorelands Lane, Chalfont St Giles Buckinghamshire HP8 4AB , HP8 4AB, United Kingdom
Goddess Retreat EGYPT
Date: 06-Nov-2018 9:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Al Awameya, P.O. Box 43, Luxor, 83951, Egypt, 83951 Egypt, Egypt
Angelic Reiki 1&2 Practitioner Course
Date: 09-Nov-2018 2:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Address on booking form, IP243AU, United Kingdom
Two Day Animal Communication Workshop: Learning Animal Communication Remotely
Date: 10-Nov-2018 9:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Harmony Centre, Walpole Hatch Farm, Halesworth, Suffolk., IP19 9BB, United Kingdom
Atlantean Ascension Workshop with Tim Whild & Rosemary Stephenson
Date: 11-Nov-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Cedar Court Hotel, Park Parade, Harrogate, Yorkshire, HG1 5AH, HG1 5AH, United Kingdom
Finding the Love Within
Date: 11-Nov-2018 10:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: Box End Park, Box End Road, Kempston, MK43 8RG United Kingdom, MK43 8RW, United Kingdom
Crystal & Himalayan Bowl Practitioner Training
Date: 17-Nov-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Steppingley Village Hall Rectory Road Steppingley, Bedfordshire, MK45 5AT, United Kingdom
Kempton MBS & Wellbeing Show - 17th & 18th November 18
Date: 17-Nov-2018 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Kempton Park Racecourse, Staines Road East, Shepperton, Sunbury-on-Thames, UK, TW16, United Kingdom
An Evening of Mediumship with Sue Hind
Date: 21-Nov-2018 7:30 PM

Visit Site
Address: Holiday Inn, Ipswich Road, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 6EP, United Kingdom
Space Clearing and Earth Alchemy Practitioner Course
Date: 24-Nov-2018 10:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: City Arc 89 Worship Street, London, EC2A 2BF, United Kingdom
Dunster Holistic Weekend 2018
Date: 24-Nov-2018 11:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Dunster Tithe Barn, Priory Green, Dunster, Minehead, Somerset, TA24 6RY, United Kingdom
Date: 24-Nov-2018 12:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Madginford Hall Egremont Road (behind the row of shops) Bearsted Maidstone Kent ME15 8LH , ME15 8LH, United Kingdom
Mind Body Spirit Fair
Date: 25-Nov-2018 12:00 PM

Address: Wanstead Golf Club Overton Drive London , E11 2LW , United Kingdom
Hypnosis Training Course
Date: 28-Nov-2018 9:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Chalfont Saint Giles HP8 4SH, United Kingdom, HP8 4SH, United Kingdom
Laughter Yoga Leader Training plus advanced module
Date: 30-Nov-2018 9:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Hargrave Hall,Hargrave Road,London,N19 5SP, N19 5SP, United Kingdom
Gordon Smith & Friends Eastbourne Experience
Date: 30-Nov-2018 3:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Hadleigh Hotel, Burlington Place, Eastbourne, UK, BN21, United Kingdom
Weekend Workshop West Lexham Nr Kings Lynn Norfolk
Date: 30-Nov-2018 4:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: West Lexham Manor King's Lynn, UK, PE32 2QN, United Kingdom
Remote Spirit Release - Practitioner Training
Date: 01-Dec-2018 5:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Equilibrium Natural Health Centre, Leafield Way, Neston, Corsham, UK, SN13 9SW, United Kingdom
The February 2019 Gong Bath Tour
Date: 01-Feb-2019 12:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Anywhere in the Southwest of England, EX16 4FB, United Kingdom
Residential Spiritual Retreat with medium NICKY ALAN
Date: 11-Apr-2019 4:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: GAUNTS HOUSE Petersham Lane Wimbourne Dorset, BH21 4JQ, United Kingdom
Mind Body & Soul Fair
Date: 13-Apr-2019 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: The Rufus Centre Steppingley Road Flitwick, Bedfordshire, MK45 1AH, United Kingdom
Woodbridge Mind Body Spirit Festival
Date: 20-Apr-2019 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Woodbridge Community Hall, Station Road, Woodbridge, Suffolk, IP12 4AU, United Kingdom
Life Arts Wellbeing Festival
Date: 15-Jun-2019 9:45 AM

Visit Site
Address: Chelmsford City Racecourse Essex, CM3 1QP, United Kingdom
Psychic & Wellbeing Retreat Sardinia Italy
Date: 17-Jun-2019 12:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Calasetta, Calasetta, Province of Carbonia-Iglesias, Italy, 09011, Italy
Date: 18-Aug-2019 9:30 AM

Visit Site
Address: Campanile Hotel Dartford, DA2 6QN, United Kingdom
Date: 18-Oct-2019 2:00 PM

Visit Site
Address: Narasoma Retreat Centre, Jalan Monkey Forest, Gang Beji No 35, Ubud 80571, Bali, Indonesia, 80571, Indonesia
Colchester Mind Body Spirit Festival
Date: 19-Oct-2019 10:00 AM

Visit Site
Address: Marks Tey Parish Hall Old London Road Marks Tey Colchester Essex, CO6 1EJ, United Kingdom

International Version
Select County - Consciousness & Human Evolution Conference Re-made - Wisdom (hand picked) via 100+ quality media brands The Big Purple Psychic & Holistic Fair IPHM Side - Therapists Accrediation Spiritual Events UK - Psychics For Hire Theta Healing Academy Numerlogy ReadingPsychic Paula VgoriPsychic Paula Vgori Book Here S20 SMALL 12 Spirits in the room. Reincarnation. Past LivesCrystal Candles Gathering of Minds MBS Web Design - Mind Body Soul Book SM25 Peaceful LivingLuna Chakra and Aura Certified Course Pauline Clairvoyant Medium Book Here - SM29

[ View My Events ]
  +Add Event +Add Article +Add Classified +Add To Directory
Search - Create your own dedicated holistic and spiritual page listing.

Minoan Dance - An Archeology of movement

Date: Wed,26 Aug 2009

View Related

By Ishtar

For me dance can not be separated from anthropology, - how people perceive nature, humanity, love, eroticism and spirit will influence the vocabulary and style of any dance form. I find the cultural and historic aspects of Middle Eastern dance deeply fascinating. Although I have been performing and teaching various aspects of ‘belly dance’ for fifteen years I have also researched other forms. I am now in the process of shooting for my next DVD whose subject will be instruction and information regarding Minoan women’s dance. The Minoans lived in ancient Crete however they were not Greek. They lived very creatively; dance was a big aspect of community, social and religious life.

Like Egypt, Crete was the site of a very early, very advanced society . The Minoan civilization were people who used to inhabit Crete till they were destroyed by natural and political means. These people have captured the imagination of many and remain in many ways an enigma. The Minoan civilization lasted over 1500 years, from 2600-1100 BC. Very little was known about Minoan Crete before the great excavations of Greek and foreign archaeologists that began about 1900, and the discovery of the palaces of Knossos and Mallia with their astonishing architecture and amazingly distinctive finds. Its history had passed into the realm of legend and remained a distant memory in Greek tradition and mythology.

When I visited Crete I found the preserved artworks of the Minoans to be exquisite and delightful. I was captivated by the romance and exuberance, the tasteful use of colour and the sheer artistry and clarity .The paintings and sculpture expressed the euphoria of the process of life and even death. What really intrigued me is how often the subject matter was dancing. In my imagination I could see from the images in the museum in Herakleion and in the archeological sites of Mallia and Knossos, how in particular the women moved. Circle type dancing as exists today was apparent, but I also was intrigued to discover images which suggested vigorous hip movements and trance moves sometimes depicted by solitary dancers that are not a part of contemporary traditional Cretan folk dance. I wanted to immerse my self in the surreal, civilized and beautiful world of the Minoans. The erotic spiral haired heavily made up and stylized women dancing, seemed to have a vibrancy which shone out and invited the willing to join them in their dance.
Clues to how the Minoans danced can be observed in the traditional art forms central to Minoan culture - ceramics, frescos and stone carvings. In the early period, the ceramics were characterized by linear patterns of spirals, triangles, curved lines, crosses, fishbone motives and such. In the middle Minoan period naturalistic designs such fish, squids, birds and lilies were common. The 'palace style' of the region around Knossos is characterized by strong geometric simplification of naturalistic shapes. Repeats are used, animal- human composites are common themes as are highly symbolic and stylized human figures.

After researching the temples and palaces of ancient Minoa I felt compelled to stitch together the images of dancing I saw on the freezes and three dimensional representations. I cut out scanned images and arranged them, using my intuition and studied the myths to create a dance style inspired and directed by the ancient artworks I had seen. Of all the cultures I have looked at the Minoans seem to have been the happiest and most joyful. What must it have felt like to dance like them? We can never truly know because Dance is always a response and in context with ones natural and social environment. However it is possible to obtain insights if one’s intention is clear and true.
We can gain insights of the subtle non-verbal nuances of any culture by observing their dance. art and mythology. The ancient Greeks believed that dancing was invented in Crete by the goddess. The Minoan civilization was the full flowering of a culture with a sacred female presence at its center. Crete, a Greek word, means "strong, or ruling, goddess." Of all the ancient civilizations, the Cretan goddess reigned the longest as a goddess who was one in herself, without losing all or part of her power to a divine husband.
When women occupy a low position in society it is usually correlated by a covering of the body and some times face. We can assume from images of Minoan women that their sexuality is fully expressed that women must have occupied a high position in society.

When one is attempting to rediscover or recreate a dance it is important to look at the culture and the psychology of a people .Minoan women were powerful leaders in religion and society. Their culture seemed to be peaceful feminine and artistic. There are so many images of people dancing it seems safe to assume that dance was a major part of spiritual, domestic and social cohesion and even altered consciousness.

A Great deal of knowledge of Minoan culture is based on 3,000 year old clay tablets and elaborate wall paintings and floor mosaics, suggesting much about Minoan social relationships and religion .Drawings, paintings, and small statues frequently describe dancers and musicians. Often the dancers are in a circle or line, often with a musician or musicians in the center. Some times they are alone. In some images dancing is a highly symbolic and surreal activity, - strange creatures , human, plant and animal composites populate many of the art forms.

I could see that the flowing ebbing and curved shapes of nature are replicated in the dance moves. The Minoans were inspired by what they saw around them. The patterns the bees make when they perform their in flight dance. The playful exuberance of the dolphin jumping out of the sea. The circambulation of the sun and the moon. The changing face of the night sky, the patterns that emanate from flowers, birds’ courtship rituals. The movements of snakes, and the shapes of the Cretan terrain. All these elements seem to be encapsulated in the dance.

Minoan dances given in front of palace audiences, seems to have involved small companies dancing formal figures. We can see that dancers occasionally whirling at speed. Snake arms and vigorous hip movements were also in the Minoan dance vocabulary. Religious dancing in sacred groves and at alters is also depicted, which is less stylized and far more ecstatic and abandoned. There is much evidence to suggest that drugs were used to help elevate the proceedings. The poppy goddess is wearing seed heads cut for opium extraction. The Minoan culture must have been very well organized for its people to spend so much time in altered states of consciousness creating art and dancing. This is a world that seemed to me like a goddess inspired utopia.

In the Herakleion Archeological Museum I felt an energy and vibrancy that seemed to emanate from the goddess figures I looked at. They seemed to radiate an energy which a receptive person could easily connect with. The poppy goddess with her hands facing towards the viewer seemed to invite reciprocal connection. These figures often resided in domestic contexts. I am intrigued to how her obvious poppy antennae and blissed out look suggest a dreamy state of consciousness. This inspired me to create a dance piece that will affect the consciousness of the viewer and dancer alike.The tiny dancers on a gold ring (fig 1) suggest trance dances that I have observed in a variety of Middle Eastern cultures. The dancer in the middle seems to be creating an energy that the others are engaging in, either receiving or giving energy to the others. The strange creatures in the background are perhaps physical depictions of emanations from the dancers. I have recreated this dance scenario based on what I have observed and learnt from various middle eastern dances. fig 1

One of the most enigmatic and powerful of the Minoan goddesses is “the Snake Goddesses". This particular goddess is usually considered to be a household divinity. She looks fierce has bare breasts and holds a snake in each hand. To me she looks like she is performing a dance. She resembles a protecting goddess. Of course she is one of many goddesses whose emblem is the snake. The snake also inspires so many Middle Eastern and Indian dance moves.

Minoan culture shares many symbols with predynastic Egypt, including the ankh and Hathor-like images such as cows and suckling calves. Evans remarks that the Minoan snake goddess and her attributes show a remarkable resemblance to Wazet, a manifestation of Hathor who sometimes appears as a serpent and carries a papyrus scepter with a snake wound around it. Babylonian Ishtar is similar to the snake goddess as are other artistic, mythological and ritualistic emblems from ancient Mesopotamia. The Minoan mother goddess was often represented by snakes, and was linked to the Earth shaker, a male represented by the bull and the sun, which would die each fall and be reborn each spring. This is identical to Sumerian myths of the dying and resurrecting sun god the consort and son of Innana. The inclusions of lions with goddesses are also related to how Ishtar is visually depicted.

The Bull is featured as a central divine animal. Many Minoan murals portrayed athletic competitions, which youths performing daring acrobatics on the backs of charging bulls.

The orientation of the palaces on Crete was determined in relation to Sirius, as was the position of Hathor's temple on the Nile. Like the Egyptians, the Cretans celebrated the New Year at the early rising of Sirius in July. Evans speculates that during the unsettling time of the military unification of Upper and Lower Egypt, refugees from Lower Egypt may have emigrated to Crete. Perhaps dance moves were shared from a variety of cultures that the Minoans traded with. The Minoans were thought not to be of Greek origin and spoke a different language. Perhaps they originated in Syria. Where the Minoans originally came from can only be speculated.

Minoan art suggests that the society was interested in the mythological and spiritual and ritualistic qualities of animals, harvests, and the underworld. Other illustrations have led to some theories that the Minoans also believed in animal-headed demons. Minoan art suggests an influx of West Asian imagery, In Anatolia, Cybele is the goddess of Mt. Ida; the Cretan Mt. Ida is a sacred mountain. Dikte is the name of sacred places in both areas. Remarkably similar Neolithic clay figures, mostly of women, are found in Crete as in Asia Minor. Symbols connected to the goddess and Cretan religion are the bull, the dove, the serpent, the sacred tree, her double axe and the labyrinth. The worship of the goddess is connected with mind altering states initiated presumably by opium, drums, music and dance.

Dance /costume and music collude to create the experience of performance. It is fascinating that the Cretan woman’s costume is totally unique. The smooth form was fitted at the waist and flared gently to the ground. The ruffle style consisted of several succeeding layers of ruffles gradually increasing in circumference as it approached the ground. They were commonly decorated along the hem, sides and shoulder line with bands of woven tape or embroidery. .Women wore bodices composed of smooth fitted lace that fastened beneath the breasts leaving them exposed.
Minoans liked to dance through a classic labyrinth in a single path meant for meditative circumambulation. It was originally a spiral, but slowly evolved into the maze of angular turns familiar to us today. To enter it is to experience a ritual death; to escape from it is to be resurrected. Our modern world separates reality into component parts and it is hard for us to grasp the holistic nature of ancient peoples. In the ancient world, prayer was an active, trance-inducing combination of chanting, music and dance. The danced line into the labyrinth was a sacred path into the inner realm of the goddess. Ancient labyrinths are almost always associated with caves, often appearing at the cave's mouth. Caves were the first Paleolithic temples, and the association of caves with sacred ceremonies consecrated to the goddess continued in Crete and Anatolia. And elsewhere. The labyrinth also represents descent into the unconscious structure of the mind, in search of wisdom and enlightenment. The Hindu mandalas are use for concentration in Yogic meditations, are often labyrinthine in design.

When I was rehearsing and formulating the Minoan goddess choreography. I found a shiny silver Cretan coin in the middle of the floor. One of my rituals before dancing is to tidy the room and brush the floor, so I know it was clear. I can only attribute metaphysical forces to its appearance. For me it is a sign that this dance vocabulary has a special otherworldly significance that does not fit into modern paradigms. Recreating dance moves from ancient Minoa can give us some insights into the psychological and spiritual feelings of the ancient dancers, as dance moves create emotions in their wake. However translating still images to movement sequences can only ever be a vague interpretation of the original. as cultural, geographical, social and religious factors all affect the dance experience. The art of Crete is so focused on the aesthetic qualities and a very naturalistic pleasing of the senses. Their art has informed us of a culture who lived for the enjoyment of life, who connected the domestic to the spiritual and whose dance was a true celebration of being alive in a beautiful world.
Like This? (Click Me)
 Be the first person to like this
 Known Humans have read this.
Post a Comment   View Comments(1)
Did you enjoy this article? why not let us know.

Visit website for more info:

Share Page with Friends EmailBookmark and Share
Contact Me Contact Me
Request Delete/Amendment Request Amendment
Digg this article!
Delicious! Add this article to!
Discuss Article on Discuss Article on

Post Article:
Submit Your Own Article

Leave a Comment




Enter the numbers shown above:


Wendy Stokes said:

Jocelyn Chaplin, a London based psychotherapist, has made a special study of Minoan culture in relation to spirituality. She is a founder member of the Serpent Institute, you might like to look her up:
Thu,04 Apr 2013,16:48:05 GMT
Copyright 2006-2013
Tel: 07967 595893
A Mind Body Soul Directory and Spiritual Knowledge Site. Dedicated to Brenda Smith and all spiritual seekers out there.